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Examinations & Treatment

During physical examination, there are a lot of things that a healthcare provider might be looking for because he/she is collecting clues and cues. Some of those cues are based on the information you provide or may be based on physical examination results.

During a health assessment, diagnosing a condition, disorder or illness is like a puzzle. Diagnosis contains laboratory studies, radiology studies to look at some organs and physical exam itself. This method is known as data collection. A healthcare provider can find out multiple things in a physical examination by using their hands to feel (palpate), eyes to see and ears and stethoscope to listen. Findings which are present on physical exam are either by themselves diagnosed or may be useful in diagnosing diseases.

Components of a physical exam

Inspection of a particular area of body
Using Palpation to observe if there are any lumps or masses, in the body

Percussion is when an examiner uses his/her hands to tap on a body area. Based on the kind of sounds which are produced on the back, chest wall or over your abdomen, your healthcare professional may identify anything from fluid in the lungs or mass in stomach. This will offer additional clues to a possible diagnosis.

Auscultation is a significant physical examination method that the doctors use, where they listen to the heart, abdomen, neck or lungs, to identify if any problem exists. Auscultation is normally performed by the help of stethoscope.

During physical examination, a Neurologic Examination is performed. This can be detailed or brief as well based on the concerns and findings. In general, a physical exam is divided into four parts:

Cranial nerve assessment
Motor function assessment
Sensory function assessment
Assessment of reflexes
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